IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
S.C. Agrawal, J.
1. Special leave granted.
2. In the past nations often went to war for the protection and advancement of their economic interests. Things have changed now. Under the international order envisaged by the Charter of the United Nations war is no longer an instrument of State policy. Now-a-days there are wars between corporations, more particularly corporations having multi-national operations, for the protection and advancement of their economic interests. These wars are fought on the economic plane but some of the battles spill over to courts of law. The present case is one such legal battle. The combatants are two American multi-national corporations dominating the soft drink market having operations in a number of countries. On the one side is Coca Cola Company (respondent No.1), hereinafter referred to as "Coca Cola", and on the other side is PEPSICO INC. (for short "Pepsi"), and its subsidiaries and subsidiaries of the subsidiaries which are under, direct or indirect, control of Pepsi. There is a long history of trade rivalry between these two multi-national corporations.
3. Coca Cola had been operating in this country till 1977 when on account of change of policy of the new Government Coca Cola had to close its operations in India. After the departure of Coca Cola the products of the domestic manufactures filled the vacuum. A substantial share of the market came to be controlled by the Parle group of companies owned and controlled by Mr. Ramesh Chauhan and Mr. Prakash Chauhan, respondents Nos. 3 and 4. The said group was manufacturing under trade marks bearing the names "Gold Spot", "Thums Up", "Limca", "Maaza", "Run Zim" and "Citra" as well as "Bisleri" club soda. They had arrangements with bottlers in different parts of the country where under the bottlers prepared beverages from the essence/syrup supplied by the Parle group and after bottling the same the beve
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